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  • Genesis
  • 1.Mose 35

God Blesses and Renames Jacob

351God said to Jacob, “Arise, go up to bBethel and dwell there. Make an altar there to the God who appeared to you cwhen you fled from your brother Esau.”



2So Jacob said to his dhousehold and to all who were with him, “Put away ethe foreign gods that are among you and fpurify yourselves and change your garments.

Ex. 19:10

[31:19; Josh. 24:23; 1 Sam. 7:3]

18:19; Josh. 24:15

3Then let us arise and go up to Bethel, so that I may make there an altar to the God gwho answers me in the day of my distress and hhas been with me wherever I have gone.”

28:20; 31:3

32:7, 24

4So they gave to Jacob all the foreign gods that they had, and the rings that were in their ears. Jacob hid them under ithe terebinth tree that was near Shechem.

Josh. 24:26; Judg. 9:6

5And as they journeyed, a terror from God fell upon the cities that were around them, so that they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.

6And Jacob came to jLuz (that is, Bethel), which is in the land of Canaan, he and all the people who were with him,


7and there he built an altar and called the place El-bethel,1 because kthere God had revealed himself to him when he fled from his brother.


El-bethel means God of Bethel

8And lDeborah, Rebekahs nurse, died, and she was buried under an oak below Bethel. So he called its name Allon-bacuth.2


Allon-bacuth means oak of weeping

9God appeared3 to Jacob again, when he came from Paddan-aram, and blessed him.

Or had appeared

10And God said to him, “Your name is Jacob; mno longer shall your name be called Jacob, but nIsrael shall be your name.” So he called his name Israel.


[17:5, 15]

11And God said to him, o“I am God Almighty:4 be pfruitful and multiply. qA nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body.5

17:5, 16; 26:4

28:3; 48:4

See 17:1

Hebrew from your loins

Hebrew El Shaddai

12rThe land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and I will give the land to your offspring after you.”

12:7; 13:15; 17:8; 26:3; 28:13

13Then God swent up from him in the place where he had spoken with him.


14And Jacob tset up a pillar in the place where he had spoken with him, a pillar of stone. He poured out a drink offering on it and poured oil on it.

28:18; 31:45

15So Jacob called the name of the place where God had spoken with him uBethel.


The Deaths of Rachel and Isaac

16Then they journeyed from Bethel. When they were still some distance6 from Ephrath, Rachel went into labor, and she had hard labor.

Or about two hours' distance

17And when her labor was at its hardest, the midwife said to her, “Do not fear, for vyou have another son.”


18And as her soul was departing (for she was dying), she called his name Ben-oni;7 wbut his father called him Benjamin.8

[Luke 1:59]

Benjamin means son of the right hand

Ben-oni could mean son of my sorrow, or son of my strength

19So xRachel died, and she was buried on the way to yEphrath (that is, Bethlehem),

Ruth 1:2; 4:11; Mic. 5:2; Matt. 2:6, 16-18


20and Jacob set up a pillar over her tomb. It is zthe pillar of Rachels tomb, which is there to this day.

1 Sam. 10:2; [2 Sam. 18:18]

21Israel journeyed on and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder.

22While Israel lived in that land, Reuben went and alay with Bilhah his fathers concubine. And Israel heard of it.

Now the sons of Jacob were twelve.

49:4; 1 Chr. 5:1; [2 Sam. 16:22; 20:3; 1 Cor. 5:1]

23The sons of Leah: bReuben (Jacobs firstborn), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.

For 23-26, see 46:8-27; Ex. 1:2-4

24The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.

25The sons of Bilhah, Rachels servant: Dan and Naphtali.

26The sons of Zilpah, Leahs servant: Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan-aram.

27And Jacob came to his father Isaac at cMamre, or dKiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had sojourned.

23:2; Josh. 14:15; 15:13

13:18; 23:19

28Now the days of Isaac were 180 years.

29And Isaac breathed his last, and he died eand was gathered to his people, old and full of days. And fhis sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

25:9; 49:31

15:15; 25:8