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  • Genesis
  • 1.Mose 49

Jacob Blesses His Sons

491wThen Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you what shall happen to you xin days to come.

Num. 24:14; Deut. 4:30; 31:29; Isa. 2:2; Jer. 23:20; Dan. 2:28; 10:14; Hos. 3:5

For 1-27, see Deut. 33:6-25

2“Assemble and listen, O sons of Jacob,

  listen to Israel your father.

3“Reuben, you are ymy firstborn,

  my might, and the zfirstfruits of my strength,

  preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power.

Deut. 21:17


4Unstable as water, you shall not have preeminence,

  because you awent up to your fathers bed;

  then you defiled ithe went up to my couch!

35:22; 1 Chr. 5:1

5b“Simeon and Levi are brothers;

  weapons cof violence are their swords.



6Let my soul come not into their council;

  dO my glory, ebe not joined to their company.

For in their anger they killed men,

  and in their willfulness they fhamstrung oxen.

Josh. 11:6, 9; 2 Sam. 8:4

[Ps. 26:9]

[Ps. 16:9; 57:8]

7Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce,

  and their wrath, for it is cruel!

I will gdivide them in Jacob

  and scatter them in Israel.

See Num. 3:5-13; Josh. 19:1-9; 1 Chr. 4:24-39

8“Judah, hyour brothers shall praise you;

  iyour hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;

  jyour fathers sons shall bow down before you.

1 Chr. 5:2

[Job 16:12]

29:35; [27:29]

9Judah is ka lions cub;

  from the prey, my son, you have gone up.

lHe stooped down; he crouched as a lion

  and as a lioness; who dares rouse him?

[Num. 23:24; 24:9]

Rev. 5:5; [Deut. 33:22; Hos. 5:14]

10The mscepter shall not depart from Judah,

  nor the rulers staff nfrom between his feet,

until tribute comes to him;1

  and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

Deut. 28:57

Num. 24:17; Zech. 10:11

By a slight revocalization; a slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint, Syriac, Targum) until he comes to whom it belongs; Hebrew until Shiloh comes, or until he comes to Shiloh

11Binding his foal to the vine

  and his donkeys colt to the choice vine,

he has washed his garments in wine

  and his vesture in the blood of grapes.

12His oeyes are darker than wine,

  and his teeth whiter than milk.

Prov. 23:29

13p“Zebulun shall dwell at the qshore of the sea;

  he shall become a haven for ships,

  and his border shall be at Sidon.

[Deut. 1:7; Josh. 9:1; Judg. 5:17]

[Deut. 33:18]; Josh. 19:10

14r“Issachar is a strong donkey,

  crouching between the sheepfolds.2

Judg. 5:16; [1 Chr. 12:32]

Or between its saddlebags

15He saw that a resting place was good,

  and that the land was pleasant,

so he bowed his shoulder to bear,

  and sbecame a servant at forced labor.

Josh. 16:10

16t“Dan shall ujudge his people

  as one of the tribes of Israel.


[Deut. 33:22]

17Dan vshall be a serpent in the way,

  a viper by the path,

that bites the horses heels

  so that his rider falls backward.

Judg. 18:27

18I wwait for your salvation, O Lord.

Ps. 25:5; 119:166, 174; Isa. 25:9; Mic. 7:7; [Luke 2:25]

19x“Raiders shall raid yGad,3

  but he shall raid at their heels.

See 1 Chr. 5:18-22

[Deut. 33:20]

Gad sounds like the Hebrew for raiders and raid

20z“Ashers food shall be rich,

  and he shall yield royal delicacies.

[Deut. 33:24]

21a“Naphtali is a doe let loose

  that bears beautiful fawns.4

[Deut. 33:23]

Or he gives beautiful words, or that bears fawns of the fold

22“Joseph is ba fruitful bough,

  a fruitful bough by a spring;

  his branches run over the wall.5

41:52; Josh. 17:14, 18

Or Joseph is a wild donkey, a wild donkey beside a spring, his wild colts beside the wall

23The archers cbitterly attacked him,

  shot at him, and harassed him severely,

[37:24, 28; 39:20]

24yet dhis bow remained unmoved;

  his arms6 were made agile

by the hands of the eMighty One of Jacob

  (from there is fthe Shepherd,7 gthe Stone of Israel),

Isa. 28:16; Eph. 2:20; 1 Pet. 2:4; [Deut. 32:4]

Ps. 23:1; 80:1

Ps. 132:2, 5; Isa. 1:24

Job 29:20

Or by the name of the Shepherd

Hebrew the arms of his hands

25hby the God of your father who will help you,

  by ithe Almighty8 jwho will bless you

  with blessings of heaven above,

blessings of the deep that crouches beneath,

  blessings of the breasts and of the womb.

Deut. 33:13

17:1; 35:11

35:3; 50:17

Hebrew Shaddai

26The blessings of your father

  are mighty beyond the blessings of my parents,

  up to the bounties kof the everlasting hills.9

May they be lon the head of Joseph,

  and on the brow of him who was set apart from his brothers.

Deut. 33:16

Deut. 33:15; Hab. 3:6

A slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint) the blessings of the eternal mountains, the bounties of the everlasting hills

27m“Benjamin is a ravenous wolf,

  in the morning devouring the prey

  and at evening ndividing the spoil.”

Zech. 14:1; [Ezek. 39:10]

[Judg. 20:21, 25; Ezek. 22:27]

Jacobs Death and Burial

28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel. This is what their father said to them as he blessed them, blessing each with the blessing suitable to him.

29Then he commanded them and said to them, “I am to be ogathered to my people; pbury me with my fathers qin the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,

50:13; [23:9]


33; 25:8

30in the cave that is in the field at Machpelah, to the east of Mamre, in the land of Canaan, rwhich Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place.

See 23:16-18

31sThere they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. There tthey buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah


23:19; 25:9

32the field and the cave that is in it were bought from the Hittites.”

33When Jacob finished commanding his sons, he drew up his feet into the bed and breathed his last and uwas gathered to his people.