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  • Genesis
  • 1.Mose 44

Joseph Tests His Brothers

441Then he commanded pthe steward of his house, q“Fill the mens sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each mans money in the mouth of his sack,


4; See 43:16

2and put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest, with his money for the grain.” And he did as Joseph told him.

3As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away with their donkeys.

4They had gone only a short distance from the city. Now Joseph said to his rsteward, “Up, follow after the men, and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid evil for good?1


Septuagint (compare Vulgate) adds Why have you stolen my silver cup?

5Is it not from this that my lord drinks, and sby this that he practices divination? You have done evil in doing this.’”

15; 30:27; [2 Kgs. 21:6; 2 Chr. 33:6]

6When he overtook them, he spoke to them these words.

7They said to him, “Why does my lord speak such words as these? Far be it from your servants to do such a thing!

8Behold, tthe money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. How then could we steal silver or gold from your lords house?


9uWhichever of your servants is found with it shall die, and we also will be vmy lords servants.”



10He said, “Let it be as you say: he who is found with it shall be my servant, and the rest of you shall be innocent.”

11Then each man quickly lowered his sack to the ground, and each man opened his sack.

12And he searched, beginning with the eldest and ending with the youngest. And the cup was found in Benjamins sack.

13Then they wtore their clothes, and every man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.


14When Judah and his brothers came to Josephs house, he was still there. They xfell before him to the ground.

37:7, 9; 42:6; 43:26, 28

15Joseph said to them, “What deed is this that you have done? Do you not know that a man like me ycan indeed practice divination?”


16And Judah said, “What shall we say to my lord? What shall we speak? Or how can we clear ourselves? God has found out zthe guilt of your servants; behold, we are amy lords servants, both we and he also in whose hand the cup has been found.”


37:18; [Num. 32:23]

17But he said, “Far be it from me that I should do so! Only the man in whose hand the cup was found shall be my servant. But as for you, go up in peace to your father.”

18Then Judah went up to him and said, b“Oh, my lord, please let your servant speak a word in my lords ears, and clet not your anger burn against your servant, for dyou are like Pharaoh himself.


Ex. 32:22


19My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father, or a brother?’

20And we said to my lord, ‘We have a father, an old man, eand a young brother, fthe child of his old age. His brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mothers children, and his father loves him.’


30; [43:8]

21Then you said to your servants, g‘Bring him down to me, that I may set my eyes on him.’

42:15, 20; 43:3, 5

22We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father, for if he should leave his father, hhis father would die.’


23Then you said to your servants, i‘Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you shall not see my face again.’


24“When we went back to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

25And when jour father said, ‘Go again, buy us a little food,’


26we said, ‘We cannot go down. If our youngest brother goes with us, then we will go down. For we cannot see the mans face unless our youngest brother is with us.’

27Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore me ktwo sons.


28One left me, and I said, l“Surely he has been torn to pieces,” and I have never seen him since.


29If you mtake this one also from me, nand harm happens to him, you will bring down my gray hairs in evil to Sheol.’

42:4, 38

42:36, 38

30“Now therefore, as soon as I come to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us, then, as his life is bound up in the boys life,

31as soon as he sees that the boy is not with us, he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hairs of your servant our father with sorrow to Sheol.

32For your servant became a pledge of safety for the boy to my father, saying, o‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I shall bear the blame before my father all my life.’


33Now therefore, please let your servant remain instead of the boy as a servant to my lord, and let the boy go back with his brothers.

34For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I fear to see the evil that would find my father.”